Syed Jahanzaib Personal Blog to Share Knowledge !

June 1, 2011

Working SQUID.CONF 2.7 Example! [Ubuntu]


More update and high tunned squid.conf example can be found here.

https://aacable.wordpress.com/2012/01/19/youtube-caching-with-squid-2-7-using-storeurl-pl/

UPDATED: JULY , 2013]

Below is an example of good (aggressively) working squid.conf tested in Ubuntu v9.10 / 10.4]
I was doing some experiments on squid, it was just for lab testing but you can modify it according to your need. To get good performance from squid cache, make sure you put as much RAM as you can afford.
My recommendation is to use at least 8-16 GB of ram in the squid box.

I tested this configuration on the following hardware/OS:
XEON 3.6Ghz Dual / 8 GB RAM / 320 GB
Ubuntu Desktop 10.4

I got very good cache HIT RATIO using this customized configuration. Following snapshot shows the hit ratio captured by customized MRTG graph.

Warning: Make sure that you understand each parameter’s function before applying / modifying.

Regard’s
Syed Jahanzaib
x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x

# SQUID 2.7 CONFIG FILE
# By - Syed Jahanzaib
# Email: aacable@hotmail.com
# Web  : https://aacable.wordpress.com

# PORT and Transparent Option
http_port 8080 transparent
server_http11 on
icp_port 0

# Cache Directory , modify it according to your system.
# but first create directory in root by
# mkdir /cache1
# chown proxy:proxy /cache1
# [for ubuntu user is proxy, in Fedora user is SQUID]
# I have set 100 GB for caching, Adjust it according to your need.
# My recommendation is to have one cache_dir per drive. zzz

store_dir_select_algorithm round-robin
cache_dir aufs /cache1 100000 16 256
#cache_dir ufs /mnt/hdd2/cache2 200000 16 256 # If you have secondary HDD
memory_replacement_policy heap GDSF
cache_replacement_policy heap GDSF

# If you want to enable DATE time n SQUID Logs,use following
emulate_httpd_log on
logformat squid %tl %6tr %>a %Ss/%03Hs %<st %rm %ru %un %Sh/%<A %mt
log_fqdn off

# How much days to keep users access web logs
# You need to rotate your log files with a cron job. For example:
# 0 0 * * * /usr/local/squid/bin/squid -k rotate
logfile_rotate 14
debug_options ALL,1
cache_access_log /var/log/squid/access.log
cache_log none
cache_store_log none

# Block Ads [zaib]
#acl adsites dstdomain url_regex "/etc/squid/adslist.txt"
#http_access deny adsites
#deny_info http://192.168.6.1/psb.htm adsites

#I used DNSAMSQ service for fast dns resolving
#so install by using "apt-get install dnsmasq" first
dns_nameservers 127.0.0.1 8.8.8.8
ftp_user anonymous@
ftp_list_width 32
ftp_passive on
ftp_sanitycheck on

#ACL Section mylan myacl
acl all src 0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0
#acl all src 192.168.50.0/255.255.255.0
#acl all2 src 10.0.0.0/255.0.0.0
acl manager proto cache_object
acl localhost src 127.0.0.1/255.255.255.255
acl to_localhost dst 127.0.0.0/8
acl SSL_ports port 443 563 # https, snews
acl SSL_ports port 873 # rsync
acl Safe_ports port 80 # http
acl Safe_ports port 21 # ftp
acl Safe_ports port 443 563 # https, snews
acl Safe_ports port 70 # gopher
acl Safe_ports port 210 # wais
acl Safe_ports port 1025-65535 # unregistered ports
acl Safe_ports port 280 # http-mgmt
acl Safe_ports port 488 # gss-http
acl Safe_ports port 591 # filemaker
acl Safe_ports port 777 # multiling http
acl Safe_ports port 631 # cups
acl Safe_ports port 873 # rsync
acl Safe_ports port 901 # SWAT
acl purge method PURGE
acl CONNECT method CONNECT
http_access allow manager all
http_access deny manager
http_access allow purge localhost
http_access deny purge
http_access deny !Safe_ports
http_access deny CONNECT !SSL_ports
http_access allow localhost
http_access allow all
#http_access allow all2
http_reply_access allow all
#http_reply_access allow all2
icp_access allow all

#==========================
# Administrative Parameters
#==========================

#============================================================$
# SNMP , if you want to generate graphs for SQUID via MRTG
#============================================================$
#acl snmppublic snmp_community zaib
#snmp_port 3401
#snmp_access allow snmppublic all
#snmp_access allow all

# I used UBUNTU so user is proxy, in FEDORA you may use use squid
cache_effective_user proxy
cache_effective_group proxy
cache_mgr SYED_JAHANZAIB
visible_hostname aacable.wordpress.com
unique_hostname aacable@hotmail.com

# Memory
cache_mem 128 MB
minimum_object_size 0 bytes
maximum_object_size 700 MB
maximum_object_size_in_memory 32 KB

tcp_outgoing_tos 0x30 all
zph_mode tos
zph_local 0x30
zph_parent 0
zph_option 136

acl store_rewrite_list urlpath_regex            \/(get_video|videoplayback\?id|videoplayback.*id)
acl store_rewrite_list urlpath_regex            \.(jp(e?g|e|2)|gif|png|tiff?|bmp|ico|flv|wmv|3gp|mp(4|3)|exe|msi|zip|on2|mar)\?
acl store_rewrite_list_domain url_regex         ^http:\/\/([a-zA-Z-]+[0-9-]+)\.[A-Za-z]*\.[A-Za-z]*
acl store_rewrite_list_domain url_regex         (([a-z]{1,2}[0-9]{1,3})|([0-9]{1,3}[a-z]{1,2}))\.[a-z]*[0-9]?\.[a-z]{3}
acl store_rewrite_list_path urlpath_regex       \.(jp(e?g|e|2)|gif|png|tiff?|bmp|ico|flv|avc|zip|mp3|3gp|rar|on2|mar|exe)$
acl store_rewrite_list_domain_CDN url_regex     \.rapidshare\.com.*\/[0-9]*\/.*\/[^\/]* ^http:\/\/(www\.ziddu\.com.*\.[^\/]{3,4})\/(.*) \.doubleclick\.net.*
acl store_rewrite_list_domain_CDN url_regex     ^http:\/\/[.a-z0-9]*\.photobucket\.com.*\.[a-z]{3}$ quantserve\.com
acl store_rewrite_list_domain_CDN url_regex     ^http:\/\/[a-z]+[0-9]\.google\.co(m|\.id)
acl store_rewrite_list_domain_CDN url_regex     ^http:\/\/\.www[0-9][0-9]\.indowebster\.com\/(.*)(rar|zip|flv|wm(a|v)|3gp|mp(4|3)|exe|msi|avi|(mp(e?g|a|e|1|2|3|4))|cab|exe)
acl dontrewrite url_regex redbot\.org \.php
acl getmethod method GET

storeurl_access deny dontrewrite
storeurl_access deny !getmethod
storeurl_access allow store_rewrite_list_domain_CDN
storeurl_access allow store_rewrite_list
storeurl_access allow store_rewrite_list_domain
storeurl_access allow store_rewrite_list_path
storeurl_access deny all
# First add storeurl.pl to enable below, see my other guides
# e.g: https://aacable.wordpress.com/2012/01/19/youtube-caching-with-squid-2-7-using-storeurl-pl/
#storeurl_rewrite_program /etc/squid/storeurl.pl
#storeurl_rewrite_children 7
#storeurl_rewrite_concurrency 0

##
refresh_pattern -i \.htm 120 50% 10080 reload-into-ims
refresh_pattern -i \.html 120 50% 10080 reload-into-ims
refresh_pattern ^http://*.facebook.com/* 720 100% 4320
refresh_pattern ^http://mail.yahoo.com/.* 720 100% 4320
refresh_pattern ^http://*.yahoo.*/.* 720 100% 4320
refresh_pattern ^http://*.yimg.*/.* 720 100% 4320
refresh_pattern ^http://*.gmail.*/.* 720 100% 4320
refresh_pattern ^http://*.google.*/.* 720 100% 4320
refresh_pattern ^http://*.kaskus.*/.* 720 100% 4320
refresh_pattern ^http://*.googlesyndication.*/.* 720 100% 4320
refresh_pattern ^http://*.plasa.*/.* 720 100% 4320
refresh_pattern ^http://*.telkom.*/.* 720 100% 4320
##

# 1 year = 525600 mins, 1 month = 43800 mins
refresh_pattern imeem.*\.flv  0 0% 0     override-lastmod override-expire
refresh_pattern \.rapidshare.*\/[0-9]*\/.*\/[^\/]*   161280    90%    161280 ignore-reload

refresh_pattern (get_video\?|videoplayback\?|videodownload\?|\.flv?)    10800 80% 10800 ignore-no-cache  ignore-private override-expire override-lastmod reload-into-ims
refresh_pattern (get_video\?|videoplayback\?id|videoplayback.*id|videodownload\?|\.flv?)    10800 80% 10800 ignore-no-cache  ignore-private override-expire override-lastmod reload-into-ims
#refresh_pattern -i (get_video\?|videoplayback\?id|videoplayback.*id||videodownload\?|\.flv?)       10800 80% 10800 ignore-no-cache  ignore-private override-expire override-lastmod reload-into-ims
refresh_pattern \.(ico|video-stats) 10800 80% 10800    override-expire ignore-reload ignore-no-cache  ignore-private ignore-auth override-lastmod  negative-ttl=10080
refresh_pattern \.etology\?                       10800 80% 10800    override-expire ignore-reload ignore-no-cache
refresh_pattern galleries\.video(\?|sz)               10800 80% 10800    override-expire ignore-reload ignore-no-cache
refresh_pattern brazzers\?                       10800 80% 10800    override-expire ignore-reload ignore-no-cache
refresh_pattern \.adtology\?                      10800 80% 10800    override-expire ignore-reload ignore-no-cache
refresh_pattern ^.*(utm\.gif|ads\?|rmxads\.com|ad\.z5x\.net|bh\.contextweb\.com|bstats\.adbrite\.com|a1\.interclick\.com|ad\.trafficmp\.com|ads\.cubics\.com|ad\.xtendmedia\.com|\.googlesyndication\.com|advertising\.com|yieldmanager|game-advertising\.com|pixel\.quantserve\.com|adperium\.com|doubleclick\.net|adserving\.cpxinteractive\.com|syndication\.com|media.fastclick.net).* 10800 20% 10800 ignore-no-cache  ignore-private override-expire ignore-reload ignore-auth   negative-ttl=40320 max-stale=10
refresh_pattern ^.*safebrowsing.*google  10800 80% 10800 override-expire ignore-reload ignore-no-cache ignore-private ignore-auth  negative-ttl=10080
refresh_pattern ^http://((cbk|mt|khm|mlt)[0-9]?)\.google\.co(m|\.uk) 10800 80% 10800 override-expire ignore-reload   ignore-private  negative-ttl=10080
refresh_pattern ytimg\.com.*\.jpg                   10800 80% 10800    override-expire ignore-reload
refresh_pattern images\.friendster\.com.*\.(png|gif)           10800 80% 10800    override-expire ignore-reload
refresh_pattern garena\.com                                   10800 80% 10800     override-expire reload-into-ims
refresh_pattern photobucket.*\.(jp(e?g|e|2)|tiff?|bmp|gif|png)  10800 80% 10800     override-expire ignore-reload
refresh_pattern vid\.akm\.dailymotion\.com.*\.on2\?           10800 80% 10800 ignore-no-cache override-expire override-lastmod
refresh_pattern mediafire.com\/images.*\.(jp(e?g|e|2)|tiff?|bmp|gif|png)    10800 80% 10800 reload-into-ims override-expire ignore-private
refresh_pattern ^http:\/\/images|pics|thumbs[0-9]\.      10800 80% 10800 reload-into-ims ignore-no-cache  ignore-reload override-expire
refresh_pattern ^http:\/\/www.onemanga.com.*\/           10800 80% 10800 reload-into-ims ignore-no-cache  ignore-reload override-expire

# ANTI VIRUS
refresh_pattern guru.avg.com/.*\.(bin)                      10800 80% 10800 ignore-no-cache  ignore-reload  reload-into-ims
refresh_pattern (avgate|avira).*(idx|gz)$                           10800 80% 10800 ignore-no-cache  ignore-reload  reload-into-ims
refresh_pattern kaspersky.*\.avc$                                   10800 80% 10800 ignore-no-cache  ignore-reload  reload-into-ims
refresh_pattern kaspersky                                           10800 80% 10800 ignore-no-cache  ignore-reload  reload-into-ims
refresh_pattern update.nai.com/.*\.(gem|zip|mcs)                    10800 80% 10800 ignore-no-cache  ignore-reload  reload-into-ims
refresh_pattern ^http:\/\/liveupdate.symantecliveupdate.com.*\(zip)     10800 80% 10800 ignore-no-cache  ignore-reload  reload-into-ims

refresh_pattern windowsupdate.com/.*\.(cab|exe)             10800  80%  10800 ignore-no-cache  ignore-reload  reload-into-ims
refresh_pattern update.microsoft.com/.*\.(cab|exe)             10800  80%  10800 ignore-no-cache  ignore-reload  reload-into-ims
refresh_pattern download.microsoft.com/.*\.(cab|exe)             10800  80%  10800 ignore-no-cache  ignore-reload  reload-into-ims

#images facebook
refresh_pattern ((facebook.com)|(85.131.151.39)).*\.(jpg|png|gif)      10800 80% 10800 ignore-reload  override-expire ignore-no-cache
refresh_pattern -i \.fbcdn.net.*\.(jpg|gif|png|swf|mp3)                  10800 80% 10800 ignore-reload  override-expire ignore-no-cache
refresh_pattern  static\.ak\.fbcdn\.net*\.(jpg|gif|png)                  10800 80% 10800 ignore-reload  override-expire ignore-no-cache
refresh_pattern ^http:\/\/profile\.ak\.fbcdn.net*\.(jpg|gif|png)      10800 80% 10800 ignore-reload  override-expire ignore-no-cache

#banner IIX
refresh_pattern ^http:\/\/openx.*\.(jp(e?g|e|2)|gif|pn[pg]|swf|ico|css|tiff?) 10800 99999% 10800 reload-into-ims  ignore-reload override-expire ignore-no-cache
refresh_pattern ^http:\/\/ads(1|2|3).kompas.com.*\/           10800 99999% 10800 reload-into-ims  ignore-reload override-expire ignore-no-cache
refresh_pattern ^http:\/\/img.ads.kompas.com.*\/           10800 99999% 10800 reload-into-ims  ignore-reload override-expire ignore-no-cache
refresh_pattern .kompasimages.com.*\.(jpg|gif|png|swf)       10800 99999% 10800 reload-into-ims  ignore-reload override-expire ignore-no-cache
refresh_pattern ^http:\/\/openx.kompas.com.*\/           10800 99999% 10800 reload-into-ims  ignore-reload override-expire ignore-no-cache
refresh_pattern kaskus.\us.*\.(jp(e?g|e|2)|gif|png|swf)        10800 99999% 10800 reload-into-ims  ignore-reload override-expire ignore-no-cache
refresh_pattern ^http:\/\/img.kaskus.us.*\.(jpg|gif|png|swf)       10800 99999% 10800 reload-into-ims  ignore-reload override-expire ignore-no-cache

#IIX DOWNLOAD
refresh_pattern ^http:\/\/\.www[0-9][0-9]\.indowebster\.com\/(.*)(mp3|rar|zip|flv|wmv|3gp|mp(4|3)|exe|msi|zip) 10800 99999% 10800 reload-into-ims  ignore-reload override-expire ignore-no-cache    ignore-auth

#All File
refresh_pattern -i \.(3gp|7z|ace|asx|avi|bin|cab|dat|deb|divx|dvr-ms)      10800 80% 10800 ignore-no-cache  ignore-private override-expire override-lastmod reload-into-ims
refresh_pattern -i \.(rar|jar|gz|tgz|bz2|iso|m1v|m2(v|p)|mo(d|v))          10800 80% 10800 ignore-no-cache  ignore-private override-expire override-lastmod reload-into-ims
refresh_pattern -i \.(jp(e?g|e|2)|gif|pn[pg]|bm?|tiff?|ico|swf|css|js)     10800 80% 10800 ignore-no-cache  ignore-private override-expire override-lastmod reload-into-ims
refresh_pattern -i \.(mp(e?g|a|e|1|2|3|4)|mk(a|v)|ms(i|u|p)|og(x|v|a|g)|rar|rm|r(a|p)m|snd|vob|wav) 10800 80% 10800 ignore-no-cache ignore-private override-expire override-lastmod reload-into-ims
refresh_pattern -i \.(pp(s|t)|wax|wm(a|v)|wmx|wpl|zip|cb(r|z|t))     10800 80% 10800 ignore-no-cache ignore-private override-expire override-lastmod reload-into-ims

refresh_pattern (cgi-bin|\?)       0      0%      0
refresh_pattern ^gopher:    1440    0%    1440
refresh_pattern ^ftp:         10080     95%     10800 override-lastmod reload-into-ims
refresh_pattern         .     180     95% 10800 override-lastmod reload-into-ims

global_internal_static off
max_stale 10 years
retry_on_error on
buffered_logs on
read_ahead_gap 32 KB

#header_access Accept-Encoding deny  all
client_persistent_connections off
server_persistent_connections on
half_closed_clients off
strip_query_terms off
quick_abort_min 0 KB
quick_abort_max 0 KB
quick_abort_pct 100
vary_ignore_expire on
reload_into_ims on
pipeline_prefetch on
read_timeout 30 minutes
client_lifetime 6 hours
$negative_ttl 30 seconds
positive_dns_ttl 6 hours
$negative_dns_ttl 60 seconds
pconn_timeout 15 seconds
request_timeout 1 minute
$store_avg_object_size 13 KB
log_icp_queries off
ipcache_size 16384
ipcache_low 98
ipcache_high 99
log_fqdn off
fqdncache_size 16384
memory_pools off
forwarded_for on
client_db off
max_filedescriptors 8192

Note: The refresh pattern on this config are very aggressive and sometimes a user will get old cached pages even for those sites which updates on daily basis,
if you face such issues, remove following directives from refresh pattern.

ignore-reload override-expire ignore-no-cache ignore-no-store ignore-must-revalidate store-stale

What can I do to reduce Squid’s memory usage?

Squid uses a lot of memory for performance reasons. It takes much, much longer to read something from disk than it does to read directly from memory. As a rule of thumb on Squid uses approximately 10 MB of RAM per GB of the total of all cache_dirs (more on 64 bit servers such as Alpha), plus your cache_mem setting and about an additional 10-20MB. It is recommended to have at least twice this amount of physical RAM available on your Squid server.

If you have a low memory server, and a large disk, then you will not necessarily be able to use all the disk space, since as the cache fills the memory available will be insufficient, forcing Squid to swap out memory and affecting performance. A very large cache_dir total and insufficient physical RAM + Swap could cause Squid to stop functioning completely. The solution for larger caches is to get more physical RAM; allocating more to Squid via cache_mem will not help.

If your cache performance is suffering because of memory limitations, you might consider buying more memory. But if that is not an option, There are a number of things to try:

# Reduce the cache_mem parameter in the config file. This controls how many “hot” objects are kept in memory. Reducing this parameter will not significantly affect performance, but you may receive some warnings in cache.log if your cache is busy.

# Turn the memory_pools off in the config file. This causes Squid to give up unused memory by calling free() instead of holding on to the chunk for potential, future use.

# Reduce the cache_swap parameter in your config file. This will reduce the number of objects Squid keeps. Your overall hit ratio may go down a little, but your cache will perform significantly better.

# Reduce the maximum_object_size parameter. You won’t be able to cache the larger objects, and your byte volume hit ratio may go down, but Squid will perform better overall.

My Squid becomes very slow after it has been running for some time.

This is most likely because Squid is using more memory than it should be for your system. When the Squid process becomes large, it experiences a lot of paging. This will very rapidly degrade the performance of Squid. Memory usage is a complicated problem. There are a number of things to consider.

Then, examine the Cache Manager Info ouput and look at these two lines:
( squidclient -r -p 8080 mgr:info |more )

       Number of HTTP requests received: 121104 Page faults with physical i/o: 16720 

Divide the number of page faults by the number of connections. In this case 16720 /  121104 = 0.14. Ideally this ratio should be in the 0.0 – 0.1 range. It may be acceptable to be in the 0.1 – 0.2 range. Above that, however, and you will most likely find that Squid’s performance is unacceptably slow.

If the ratio is too high, you will need to make some changes to lower the amount of memory Squid uses. See above paragraphs “What I do to reduce Squid memroy usage”.

(Thanks to http://www.comfsm.fm/computing/squid/FAQ-8.html for some theoretical and statical reference.)

I hope it will help you in brief.

Regard’s

SYED JAHANZAIB

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