Syed Jahanzaib Personal Blog to Share Knowledge !

September 27, 2018

DNSMASQ Short Notes to self

Filed under: Linux Related — Tags: , , , , — Syed Jahanzaib / Pinochio~:) @ 10:15 AM

dnsmasq.jpg

Dnsmasq is a lightweight, easy to configure DNS forwarder, designed to provide DNS (and optionally DHCP and TFTP) services to a small-scale network.

As compared to `​BIND`​, which is a bit complex to configure for beginners, `DNSMASQ` is very easy and requires minimum configuration. This post is just a reference guide for myself.


Install DNSMASQ in Ubuntu !

apt-get update
sudo apt-get install -y dnsmasq

After this edit /etc/dnsmasq.conf file ,  For Shorter version, I am pasting required important options only, (by removing all lines & using these one only …)

nano /etc/dnsmasq.conf

domain-needed
#IF you want to listen on multiple interface, add them (by duplicating following line)
interface=enp6s0
bogus-priv
strict-order
expand-hosts
cache-size=10000

After every change in the config, make sure to restart DNSMASQ service.

service dnsmasq restart


Forwarding Queries to Upstream DNS

By default, DNSMASQ forwards all requests which are not able to be resolved in /etc/hosts to the upstream DNS servers defined in /etc/resolve.conf like below

cat /etc/resolv.conf

nameserver 127.0.0.1
nameserver 8.8.8.8

Make Sure to setup 127.0.0.1 in your network adapter as well exampledns-nameservers 127.0.0.1 8.8.8.8



Add DNS Records (static dns entries if required for local servers like media sharing etc)

Adding customized domain entries, dns spoofing i guess. Add the records in /etc/hosts file

cat /etc/hosts

127.0.0.1 localhost
1.2.3.4 zaib.com

 


Restart DNSMASQ Service

After every change in the config, make sure to restart dnsmasq service.

service dnsmasq restart

Monitor DNS traffic

DSNTOP is your best friend. for full details read

http://dns.measurement-factory.com/tools/dnstop/dnstop.8.html


# ACL / Secure you DNS from open relay / flooding

To allow only specific ip series to query your dns server, you can use following bash script.

We have multiple ip pools, and we have made a small text file , we can small bash script to read from the file and add iptables rules accordingly

Sample of /temp/localips.txt

10.0.0.0/8
172.16.0.0/16
192.168.0.0/16

Now you can execute the bash script manually or add it in /etc/rc.local file to execute on every reboot.

cat /etc/fw.sh

#!/bin/sh
PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin
# Very Basic Level of Firewall to allow DNS only for some ip range
# Script by Syed Jahanzaib
# 26-SEP-2018
#set -x

# Setting various Variables

#Local IP files which contains ip/ranges
IPFILE="/temp/localips.txt"

#Destination Port we want to restrict
DPORT="53"

#Destination Port type we want to restrict
DPORT_TYPE1="udp"
DPORT_TYPE2="tcp"

# Flush all previous iptables Rules
iptables -F
iptables -X
iptables -t nat -F
iptables -t nat -X
iptables -t mangle -F
iptables -t mangle -X

# Allow localhost access to query DNS service
iptables -A INPUT -s 127.0.0.1 -p $DPORT_TYPE1 --dport $DPORT -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -s 127.0.0.1 -p $DPORT_TYPE2 --dport $DPORT -j ACCEPT

# LOOP - Read from localip.txt file , and apply iptables rules
for IP in $(cat $IPFILE); do echo "Allowing $IP for $DPORT_TYPE1 $DPORT Server queries access ..."; iptables -A INPUT -s $IP -p $DPORT_TYPE1 --dport $DPORT -j ACCEPT; done
for IP in $(cat $IPFILE); do echo "Allowing $IP for $DPORT_TYPE2 $DPORT Server queries access ..."; iptables -A INPUT -s $IP -p $DPORT_TYPE2 --dport $DPORT -j ACCEPT; done

# DROP all other requests going to DNS service
iptables -A INPUT -p $DPORT_TYPE1 --dport $DPORT -j DROP
iptables -A INPUT -p $DPORT_TYPE1 --dport $DPORT -j DROP

# Script ends here
# Syed Jahanzaib

add this in /etc/rc.local so that it can run on every reboot!

Also note that if you have large ip pool, its better to use IPSET which is more efficient

SIMPLE QUEUE for traffic going to/from DNS Server

/queue simple
add max-limit=10M/10M name="NS1 DNS Traffic 10mb limit" target=X.X.X.X/32

NSLOOKUP with details on Windows BOX

nslookup -all - 8.8.8.8

Regard’s
Syed Jahanzaib

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